Sadness is one of the degress of perfection of the common people. It consists of
being deprived of joy and taking to meloncholy, feeling sorry about what is lost or feeling remorse about what was not obtained. Sadness pertains to the ranks of ordinary people, because it
includes ignoring true well-being and staying enslaved by the chains of hadit. According to the ways of the mystical elite, sadness is a veil, because the knowledge knowledge brings a happiness
that removes all sadness. "Let them rejoice (in Allah's grace and mercy), for these are better than the worldly riches they amass." (Qur'ân 10: 58). It is said that God inspired to David:
"Rejoice in Me, find ecstasy in my remembrance, and take pride in knowing Me. Soon I shall empty the House (this world) of wrongdoers, and inflict My damnation upon the injust." It is also
related that 'Uqba al-Gulâm came one day to see Rabî'a al-'Adawiyya wearing a new tunic and pracing proudly as he walked: all this was completely unlike his previous manners. She asked him, "Oh,
'Uqba! What is this pride and vanity which I have never seen in your manners before?"
He answered, "Oh, Rabî'a. Who deserves this more than me, as long as I am a slave to such a Master." To this effect, one of the mystics said in verse:
"The sadness of the love that I feel for You So oppresses me that I stagger from side to side.
Just the remembrance of You causes me to shake, Like the trembling of a prisoner before his jailer."
cARÎF. Ibn-, Mahâsin al-majâlis. Translated by William Elliott and Adnan K. Abdulla, Avebury
Publishing, 1980, pp., 42-44